1 Exiting the nursery   Children running     Doors   Vehicles Staff Children Learners   M       M M       L M       L Prior to leaving all permission slips to have been collected and properly completed.  Correct ratios for trips maintained at all times.  Supervision at all times.  Regular headcounts taken.  Discuss with older children the importance of not running off without an adult. Encourage children to hold hands. Younger children to be in buggies or have reins on. Doors to be opened only when everyone is ready to leave for the beach, adult to exit first supervising the children’s progress. Hi-vis jackets to be worn by staff and children so that they are easily seen. A       A  
2 Out of the nursery boundaries Lost Child   Injured child/adult     Child H   L   H   Correct ratios for trips maintained at all times.  Supervision at all times and regular head counts taken. Level 3 or competent member of staff to lead the outing.  Discussion on safety before leaving nursery.  Children to hold hands with an adult or child and to keep with that allocated adult/child at all times (keeping to the supervision ratio) or older and younger children walking together, the elder of the children on the outside of the pavement.  Outing sheet filled in (see H&S manual appendix O), and staff to have the company mobile phone on them (make sure that it is fully charged).  Outings bag taken includes a checked and fully stocked first aid kit, lost child and emergency procedures.   A    
3 Members of the public Stranger danger, fatality, abduction, violence and aggression Child H   L   M   Older children to discuss stranger danger before going on to the beach. Correct ratios for trips maintained at all times.  Supervision at all times by competent staff.  Regular headcount.  Competent staff to lead the outing and assess the situation before proceeding with care.  Be aware of any unknown adults paying undue interest in any of the children, remove child from adult’s vicinity and make a mental note of their description.  Report to beach warden/police if necessary.  Children issued with LV=Kidzone band, colour coded to the section of the beach if applicable. A    
4 Travelling on the bus Public, lost child, vehicles All       See separate risk Assessment for ‘Catching a bus’ A    
5 Walking to beach Injury, separated from group All H L L Discussion on safety before leaving nursery.  Pupils to be briefed on hazards and the type of behaviour required of them eg. No running.  Everyone wearing hi-vis jackets.  Relevant supervision by a competent person.  Walk to be planned to avoid fast roads wherever possible.  Consideration for other pavement users.  Children to hold hands with an adult or child and to keep with that allocated adult/child at all times (keeping to the supervision ratio) or older and younger children walking together, the elder of the children on the outside of the pavement.  Walk in single file where necessary.  Adults to be at the front, middle and back of the group A    
6 Drowning Swimming, paddling Child, Learner, Staff H L L Relevant supervision by competent person and correct ratios maintained.  Staff to check tide times before the outing.  Swimming is not allowed.  If swimming is allowed always swim at a life-guarded beach between the red and yellow flags.  No one is permitted to swim alone.  Adequate supervision between children on beach and in sea.  Inflatables are not to be used in strong winds or rough seas.  Children told to stick up their hand and shout for help if they do get into trouble.  Staff to read and obey local hazard signs and explain these in a language that the children will be able to understand.  Staff to be mindful of the weather and have alternative activities if necessary A    
7 Insect/Animal bite/ stings.  Jelly fish sting.  Bird attack other injury or illness Asthma, Allergies and risk of insect stings/bites/ poisoning.  Other animal attacks.  Other injury or illness Staff Children Learners M L L Correct ratios and supervision kept at all times by competent person. Explain to children that bees and wasps only sting when provoked.  Check the area and avoid jelly fish that may have been washed up on the beach, wear the appropriate footwear when paddling.  Children advised not to pet strange animals and not to encourage sea birds by feeding them.  Outings bag taken includes a checked and fully stocked first aid kit and emergency contact list and procedure and mobile phone.  Make sure allergy sheets are taken with you on the trip along with any medication as necessary   A    
8 Picking up litter/ broken toys Sharp edges, broken glass, pointed items Staff Children M L L Discuss with the children before we leave about being safe when picking up the litter and items that they must leave for an adult. Provide gloves for the children to wear, sensible footwear is required and litter pickers are desirable. Children are better with either smaller bags to collect litter in or an adult carrying one for all to reduce the risk of them tripping over. Once finished, hands must be washed. If no toilet facilities are available the anti-bacterial gel to be used instead. A  
8 Special needs of specific children – medical, behavioural, educational Injury Staff, Learners, Children L L L Competent and relevant supervision at all times maintaining ratios.  Obtain information from parents.  Take advice from SENCO if appropriate.  Make necessary arrangements for individual including additional supervision if necessary A    
9 Beach/Sand Rough play, Needles, glass, sand-eye injury, disease, infection.  Hit by a stone. Litter Staff, Children, Learners M M M Correct ratios for trips maintained at all times.  Supervision at all times by competent staff.  Visual check of local area.  Cuts and grazes should be washed as best as possible and covered.  Sand should be rinsed from the eye as soon as possible.  Complete accident book entry as appropriate.  Children advised not to throw stones and discourage playing with other children not in the group that may be doing so.  Member of staff to be first aid trained or equivalent.  Follow emergency procedure if the situation calls for it A    
10 Slip/trip/fall Uneven ground Staff, Children, Learners M M M Relevant supervision by a competent person at all times.  Suitable footwear to be worn (parents previously advised).  No running where there are rocks/stones/pebbles A    
11 Sunburn/ sunstroke UV light, heat, dehydration Staff, Children, Learners H M L Provide clear information regarding suitable clothing to parents prior to trip.  Daily weather forecast obtained and plans adjusted accordingly.  Adequate monitoring and supervision concerning drinking plenty of fluids, wearing sunglasses, hat, t-shirt, sunscreen and following the sun safety policy (see H&S Manual).  Ensure provisions for shelter if necessary A    
12 Toilets Trapped in toilet/ Nappy Changing/ Hygiene Children M     L L     L L     L When taking the children to the toilet, make sure you go with another member of staff so that they can watch the other children.  Children should not lock the toilet door ensure lock is engaged prior to child entering and staff keep door as closed as possible for safeguarding. Nappy changing facilities in the toilets to be used make sure strap is used and guidelines on how to use it are followed. Make sure nappy changing procedure is adhered to when out. The hygiene of the welfare facilities should be adequately maintained by a member of the local Council, report to appropriate person if felt inadequate.  Ensure hands are washed after toilet visit A    
13 Expectant mothers and helpers Harm to self or unborn baby Expectant mother M L L Consider activities to be undertaken and location to be visited.  Consider duration of the visit and rest breaks.  Any activity or any of the above likely to cause problems for the mother or child should be avoided. It may be necessary to get someone else to accompany the visit / trip instead. A    
14 Illnesses or pre-existing conditions Worsening of condition or injury Person with condition H L M Consider activities to be undertaken, duration of trip/activity, location to be visited and the opportunity for rest breaks.  Any activity or any of the above likely to cause exacerbation of existing injury or condition should be avoided. An individual risk assessment must be carried out by the Nursery Manager and individual prior to the trip, when any concerns should be raised and documented. If it is anticipated that attendance on the trip may lead to the worsening of an existing injury/condition it may result in it being necessary to request another person to accompany the visit/trip instead. U

       

Risk Rating: Once the likelihood and severity have been determined, the risk can be calculated below (AxB)
  Likelihood (B)
Possible Severity (A) L M H
Low Low Low Medium
Medium Low Medium High
High Medium High High